Behaviors

Behaviors

Skinner accents that extinguishing is a procedure in which the reply given for the organism it does not unchain none rewards in some attempts, what it finishes for causing its extinguishing. For Skinner it says, it is, therefore, a behavior as another one any, therefore, subject to contingencies of reinforcement, forecast and control. The learning proposal will be structuralized of way to direct the pupils for the adequate ways that will lead to the desired final behavior. Still according to Skinner, the human behavior is shaped and strengthened, what it implies in rewards and reinforcement. To proceed to the mannering analysis of education, it is necessary to consider the elements of education, as well as the answers of the pupil, therefore education is composed of standards of behaviors, following objective predetermined (MIZUKAMI, 1986). SKINNER (1986) considers that any physical or social environment, must in accordance with be evaluated its effect on the nature human being. For it, the knowledge has as base the planned experience, being resulted direct of the experience.

Its concern, therefore, is not with the learning, and yes with the observvel behavior. For Skinner, when the people are learning a new behavior, they have more success if they are strengthened each time who give a correct reply. Later, when they dominate a new behavior they will keep, it better will have been strengthened in intermittent way instead of to be it in all the occasions. One program of intermittent reinforcement helps the students to keep the abilities without waiting the continuous reinforcement. Skinner recognizes two different types of learning.

They are different because each one involves a distinct type of behavior: the respondent behavior and the operative behavior. Skinner supports, however, that most of the behavior is of different nature. This type of learning it calls operative behavior. While the main characteristic of the respondent behavior is that this if of the one in answers the stimulatons, the characteristic of the operative behavior is to act in the environment. Skinner speaks in operative behavior as a behavior emitted for the organism, more than what eliciado for stimulatons. Most of the behavior is of this type; to walk, to speak, to work and to play are constituted of operative answers. In what it says respect to the stiffener ones of behavior, Skinner explains that an important aspect concerning same, positive as in such a way negative ones, is that they can be conditional. If one stimulaton occurs together with a stiffener positive repetidamente, this stimulaton tends to acquire the capacity to strengthen the behavior. In this

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