High cholesterol, also known as hyperlipidermia is defined by excessive amounts of fatty substances in the bloodstream. Like humans, dogs and cats cholesterol in the blood may increase. Cholesterol is a lipid molecule – a fatty substance produced waxy liver to digest fats from food. It is transported through large molecules called lipoproteins in the blood to various organs. There are four types of lipoproteins such as chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL).
Chylomicrons is tiny particles of fat consists of triglycerides and cholesterol. They are produced by the small intestine after your pet eat a meal and chylomicrons are absorbed 30-60 minutes later and increase triglycerides in the blood between 3-10 hours. If an animal has high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides by more than 12 hours after eating a meal, then he may be suffering from hyperlipidermia. An increased level of cholesterol affects dogs more than cats. Dogs and cats with high cholesterol but are not predisposed to heart disease as people. Symptoms such as abdominal pain, seizures, patches on the skin, yellow bumps filled with a greasy liquid and nervous system abnormalities may be an indication that your pet has hyperlipidermia.
What causes high cholesterol? High levels of cholesterol can be caused by several factors and these include an increased absorption of cholesterol or triglyceride levels after eating a meal unusually fat or an increase in the production of triglycerides or cholesterol. Abnormalities in enzymes of the separation of lipids or lipid-carrying proteins may also contribute to high cholesterol. In addition, obesity, degenerative kidney disease, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, inflammation of the pancreas, diabetes, bile duct obstruction, hereditary factors and pregnancy cause rise in cholesterol. High Cholesterol Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on the symptoms, careful physical examination and a review of medical records for your pet. Your vet will put your pet in a fast for the next 12 hours. To make things easier for you, it is likely that your pet is hospitalized. Certain diagnostic tests such as complete blood count (CBC), blood profile, urinalysis and a serum sample for biochemical analysis will be conducted. Other tests may be ordered to see if there hyperadrenocorticismo hypothyroidism. The dogs are diagnosed with high cholesterol if triglycerides are over 150 mg / dL and / or cholesterol is over 300 mg / dL. The cats are diagnosed with high cholesterol if triglycerides are over 100 mg / L and / or cholesterol is over 200 mg / dl. Help for high cholesterol treatment involves changing your diet pet to a diet low in fat (less than ten percent fat) and the monitoring of serum triglyceride levels to prevent acute pancreatitis. The natural remedies. The total welfare and when used in conjunction with a healthy diet and regular exercise. The herbal ingredients such as Vaccinium myrtillus (Billberry), Chromium picolinate, offinalis Galega (goat's rue), Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) and act as Astragulus membranaceus. With a great interest in health and alternative medicine. I believe that natural remedies and alternative therapies have their place in modern medicine. I am confident that an informed person is potentially a more happy and healthy.