What are the causes of obesity and overweight? The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is an imbalance between income and expenditure of calories. The global rise of overweight and obesity is attributable to several factors, among which are: global modification of diet, with a tendency to the increase of food intake calorie, rich in fats and sugars, but few vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients. The trend towards decreased physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many jobs, to changes in the means of transport and increasing urbanization. What are the frequent impact of overweight and obesity in health? Overweight and obesity have serious health consequences. The risk increases progressively as BMI does it. The high IMC is an important risk factor for chronic diseases, such as: cardiovascular disease (especially heart diseases and cerebral vascular accidents), which already constitute the leading cause of death worldwide, with 17 million deaths each year.
Diabetes, which has quickly become a global epidemic. The who estimates that diabetes deaths will increase worldwide in more than 50% in the next 10 years. Diseases of the locomotor apparatus, and in particular osteoarthritis. Some cancers, such as endometrial, breast, and colon. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability in young adulthood. Many countries income low and middle are currently facing a double burden of disease: they still have the problem of infectious diseases and malnutrition, but at the same time they are experiencing a rapid increase of the risk factors of chronic diseases, such as overweight and obesity, particularly in the urban environment. Not uncommon that undernutrition and obesity coexist in the same country, the same community and even a same household.
This double burden is caused by an inadequate nutrition during the prenatal period, infancy and the early childhood, followed by foods rich in fats and with scarce micronutrients, calorie consumption, combined with a lack of physical activity. How to reduce the burden of obesity and overweight? Obesity, overweight and related diseases are largely preventable. At the individual level, people can: achieve an energy balance and a normal weight. Reducing the intake of calories from fats and change the consumption of saturated fats to unsaturated fats. Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts. Reducing the intake of sugars. Increase physical activity (at least 30 minutes of regular physical activity of moderate intensity, most of the days). Increased activity may be needed to reduce the weight. The implementation of these recommendations requires sustained political commitment and the collaboration of many stakeholders, both public and private. Governments, international partners, civil society, non-governmental organizations and the private sector have fundamental roles to play in the creation of healthy environments and in making affordable and accessible alternative healthier dietary. This is especially important for the most vulnerable sectors of society (the poor and children), whose options with respect to foods that consume and environments in which they live are more limited. The initiatives of the food industry to reduce the size of the rations and the content of fats, sugars and salt in processed foods, increase the introduction of innovative alternatives, healthy, nutritious, and reformulate the current market practices could accelerate health benefits around the world. then a link more information of how to eliminate obesity, Click Here all of your life!